Infertility is a condition that affects millions of women across the globe. A woman is considered infertile if she is unable to conceive or become pregnant after one year of continuous attempts. When a woman finds herself to be infertile, there are many options to pursue, though a final decision should be made between herself and her doctor based on a variety of circumstances.
As far as fertility treatment options, surgery and drug therapy are the chosen method of treatment for approximately 90% of infertility cases. One of the surgical fertility treatments conducted regularly is a tuboplasty.
Tuboplasty refers to a surgical procedure to fix an obstruction or closure of a Fallopian tube. The obstruction can be caused by a variety of factors; scar tissue and blockage can happen at the site of insertion of the tube into the uterus or at the ends of the tubes. The goal of a tuboplasty is to reopen the Fallopian tube via laparotomy or laparoscopy.
A laparotomy is a surgical procedure that requires making a 4-inch incision through the abdominal wall to relieve the obstruction within the Fallopian tube. It is also known as a celiotomy.
A laparoscopy is less invasive, requiring only a one-inch incision to allow a microscopic camera to reach the abdominal organs. This procedure is also used to find other health issues, such as cysts, adhesions, fibroids and infections. The laparoscope also allows for a biopsy to be taken through the tube if necessary.
The benefits of tuboplasty vary for each woman. Some tubal surgeries have a high success rate, with as many as 65% of women able to become pregnant within a year of having surgery. However, some women choose to have a tuboplasty procedure done as a tubal ligation reversal procedure. Tubal ligation is when women have their ‘tubes tied’ to prevent pregnancy.